The failure of the 1848 revolution

What were the causes of the failure of the Revolution of in France? A revolution broke out in France in February against the misrule of Louis Philippe. The scope of that revolution did not remain confined to the boundaries of France only but the revolutionary tide soon swept to other countries, and the whole of Europe was engulfed by its waves.

The failure of the 1848 revolution

Lack of a strong revolutionary army rendered the Prussian revolution a failure. The revolutionaries were poorly armed, trained and co-ordinate yet they had no support from the Prussian army.

On the other hand, the Prussian and Austrian armies were properly armed, well trained, disciplined and loyal to their kings. This is why the revolution was easily suppressed by Prussian and Austrian troops. The political and economic strength of the Austrian empire also contributed to the failure of the Prussian revolution.

The Austrian empire was the biggest in Europe and the most influential in European politics. She had dominated and exploited the Germans, Italians, Hungarians, and Bohemians etc. She also had a big population and hence a big army that was maintained by the exploited resources.

This rendered the Prussian revolution a failure. It should be noted that Austrian strength is what bullied King Fredrick William IV and made him to reject the offer to lead the revolution and appeal for Austrian intervention against the revolution.

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The impact of the Metternich system made valuable contribution to the failure of the Prussian revolution. ByMetternich had disorganized the Germans through his policy of spy network, Carlsbad decree, divide and rule and force.

He created a confederation parliament, which was led by an Austrian. He also imposed different rulers to lead the various 39 German states. These undermined nationalism and explains why the Prussians were not united in the revolution. It should be stressed that although Metternich was overthrown, his system was effectively used by his successor Schwarzenburg against the revolution in Berlin.

Racial difference was another setback to the Prussian revolution. This was responsible for the failure of the Frankfurt parliament, which was to decide on the future of Prussia, it was dominated by intellectuals and middle class with very limited peasants and workers representatives. This is why the workers and peasants in Berlin started agitating for communism, which in turn forced the middle class to support King Fredrick to suppress the revolution.

The Prussian revolution also failed because of ideological conflict. This was revealed in the Frankfurt parliament. The delegates conflicted over whether Austria should be part of a united Germany or not.

There were also other groups who were advocating for federal and republican governments. This explains why the Frankfurt parliament wasted a lot of time and failed to embark on crucial issues like raising an army.

Why do most of the revolutions of 1848 fail to achieve their goals?

This disagreement and confusion provided a line of weakness for King William IV to use force and dissolve the parliament, leading to the failure of the revolution. The influence of religion in politics was also responsible for the failure of the revolution in Prussia.Overall, the biggest reason for the failure of the popular revolts and revolutions was that the moderate liberals and radical revolutionaries, who clamored for constitutions, liberal reforms, and demonstrations against the conservative European governments, became divided over their goals.

The factors contributing to the failure of the Revolution of in Europe were as follows: Lack of Unity. The main cause of the failure of the Revolution of was the lack of the spirit of unity among the revolutionaries.

They rose against their rulers who were autocrats and reactionaries. - The Revolution of and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto There were two major things that happened in Europe in One of those things was the Revolution of The other was the publication of the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx.

The failure of the revolutions in other parts of Europe also contributed to the failure of the revolution in Prussia.

By November , revolutions had failed in other states. In Austria, the Austrian troops recaptured Vienna on 31 st Oct, and ended the revolution. Nov 22,  · -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at srmvision.com Make your own animated videos and animated presentations for free.

PowToon is a free to. Revolutions of , series of republican revolts against European monarchies, beginning in Sicily, and spreading to France, Germany, Italy, and the Austrian Empire.

The failure of the 1848 revolution

They all ended in failure and repression, and were followed by widespread disillusionment among liberals.

Why was the revolution of a failure? | AnswersDrive