The Existence of God A. Place of the Doctrine of God in Dogmatics. The prevailing opinion has always recognized this as the most logical procedure and still points in the same direction.
In ancient Africa, particularly among the Nguni, Ukuthwala was a condoned albeit abnormal path to marriage targeted at certain girls or women of marriageable age. But it did not involve raping or having consensual sex with the girl until marriage requirements had been concluded.
The act of Ukuthwala, however, was not with impunity; it incurred Delictual liability for the culprit, in the form of the payment of one or more herd of cattle to the father or legal guardian of the girl.
Today Ukuthwala, particularly in the Eastern Cape, increasingly involves the kidnapping, rape and forced marriage of minor girls as young as twelve years, by grown men old enough to be their grandfathers.
What is the Impact of Ukuthwala on the Girl-Child? Suddenly the little girl is a wife with a husband and in most instances, children and in-laws to serve or look after.
Research conducted with young girls that have been victims of Ukuthwala and attendant rape, forced marriage and teenage pregnancy has revealed numerous health complications for the young girls.
These range from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections to pregnancy related complications such as infant mortality, maternal mortality and fistula related diseases. In virtually all child-marriage cases, the child is removed from school. Dropping out of school deprives the child education opportunities, including tertiary education and skills training.
The social development of the child is also stunted as the early marriage and fast tracking into the adult world skips organic developmental phases. Early marriage is a symptom of and exacerbates gender inequality. If it were not for gender inequality and child abuse, Ukuthwala would have no place in our society.
What is the Impact of Ukuthwala on the Community? It indirectly undermines community development. There is a proven link between the lack of education, underdevelopment and poverty, Ukuthwala deprives girl-children opportunities to educate and develop.
Furthermore, research indicates that the majority of the girls and young women that are victims of Ukuthwala are from poor families. Their lack of education and underdevelopment due to Ukuthwala deepen their poverty and perpetuate the cycle of poverty. In many instances the children born into poverty tend to be poor also.
This contributes to the cycle of poverty in the communities, particularly rural communities, where Ukuthwala is rife. What are the rights of victims of Ukuthwala? It also stipulates the age of consent to marriage as 18 years.
A victim of Ukuthwala may apply for a protection order under the Domestic Violence Act against family members involved in her abduction.This increase in charges reflects, in part, the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in our society. Data gathered by the National Institute of Mental Health and published in a U.S.
Congress Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) report, Psychiatric Disabilities, Employment, and the Americans With Disabilities Act, indicate that more than one in five American adults experience some.
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