ABSTRACT With reference to definitions of validity and reliability, and drawing extensively on conceptualizations of qualitative research, this essay examines the correlation between the reliability of effort to find answers to questions about the social world, and the validity of conclusions drawn from such attempts. This is to point out the fundamental position to the role of theory in relation to research; as an inductivist strategy qualitative research tries to confer the correspondence between reality and representation. The problem of validity and reliability in qualitative research is entwined with the definition of qualitative research and the possibility to mirror this in practice to make a qualitative research properly valid and reliable.
The distinction between "First World" and "Third World" is on the wane for good reason, but is there any suitable replacement? The notion that there is not one world but three is a vestige of the Cold War, when the U.
In the post-Cold War environment, Third World became a way to refer to the most impoverished countries and regions of the world, serving as a blanket term for characterizing the political and economic life of Latin America, Africa and Asia.
It has also began to operate as a shorthand for extreme destitution in otherwise affluent countries; the U. The term Third World is no longer fashionable due to a growing consensus that the category is neither accurate nor socially appropriate for the 21st century.
The term First World provides a veneer of primacy and superiority for countries slowly declining in power unable to provide material abundance for significant portions of their population, and plagued by their own unique maladies.
What is to be made of emerging economies like Brazil and India, which both host enormous populations of poor people but are also the site of a new middle class and are key players in the global production of goods and services?
What are the alternatives?
A common contemporary substitute terminology is "developing" and "developed" nations. While in certain circumstances this is a quick and easy way to sort through the socioeconomic status of different countries, the phrases have their own problems. The term "developing" can be useful with concrete and effectively universal quality-of-life metrics such as hunger and infant mortality rates.
But the term is a bit self-satisfied and obscures the complications of what we understand as modernity. There are features of life in much of the "developed" world that could be seen as a step backward for humanity, such as the erosion of social connectedness and leisure time.
Silver shares thoughts on the link between affluence and community change: To make the point in more obvious terms, nuclear warfare and man-made global warming are unique outcomes of the forces we deem essential to being developed.
The monopoly the U. Social democracy in Scandinavia, oil-funded theocracy in Saudi Arabia, and a one-party, partially planned, partially free market economy in China are all vastly different models for generating and harnessing prosperity.
But of course the differing fate of these two groups is highly political — only one hemisphere colonized the other. That being said, the terms are too broad to be useful in most contexts, and a handful of booming economies in the global south pose a problem to the duality.
It seems the most sensible course is, whenever possible, to discard blanket terms and metaphors, and compare countries using specified metrics. Contrast low-income against high-income, democracy against authoritarian regimes, and so on.
This has the advantage of being both precise and transparent about the value judgments at play when sizing up a country.Whether in Bangalore or Beijing, Friedman asks brilliant questions of everyone he encounters.
The truth he distills from their responses brings a new perspective to the ways in which CEOs and religious radicals, entrepreneurs and garden-variety consumers, all create ripples that stir the geopolitical tide The World Is Flat shows how each of us has .
remains very wide: 43% of the world’s population still belongs to the “very poor” States, while one third of humanity suffers from food deficiencies.
Rigorous structural adjustment programmes should have meant the disappearance in the early s of the demands of the New International Economic Order.
"Discuss Whether The Concept Of The 'Third World' Still Has Any Validity". Firstly, in order to address this title, the term 'Third World' must first be defined in terms of it's origin and meaning.
srmvision.com is a platform for academics to share research papers. World," "Third Position,,,9 and "Third Force,,10 have been used rather loosely and interchangeably to refer to the view that the interests of .
remains very wide: 43% of the world’s population still belongs to the “very poor” States, while one third of humanity suffers from food deficiencies. Rigorous structural adjustment programmes should have meant the disappearance in the early s of the demands of the New International Economic Order. I think part of the problem with the sustainable development concept is that it is a “discussion” or maybe even a “debate” within a relatively small circle of academics (such as myself), policy makers, etc. and the concept has not really entered the consciousness of the billions of people (mostly poor) on this planet. A Discussion of Whether the Concept of the 'Third World' Still Has Any Validity PAGES 2. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: validity, third world, concept. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed.
Sep 05, · The concept ‘Third World’ has both a materialistic and an cultural meaning. In materialistic terms, Marc argues that “if the affluent industrial countries of the modern world are grouped into those of the ‘West’ and those of the ‘East’, then the poor countries constitute a ‘Third World’ whose small command over resources.